Learn the Basics: Septic Systems 101

Septic System Basics

When a toilet is flushed in most cities, the water goes into a sewage treatment plant. The plant cleans the water and gets rid of the waste. The leftover waste is either disposed of or turned into fertilizer.

Septic systems work similarly to sewage treatment plants but on a smaller scale. When wastewater leaves home, it goes into an underground tank. This tank should be over 20 feet away from the house.

Components of a Septic System

A home’s main sewage line connects to a bigger sewer pipe. This pipe goes in the direction of the septic tank. When the toilet is flushed, the shower is run, or the dishes are washed, wastewater enters the sewer through the main sewage line.

Liquid leaves the septic tank through an outlet pipe that goes to either a drain field or an advanced treatment system after entering the septic tank. Pollutants are eliminated during wastewater treatment’s last stage before it trickles through the drain field or soil absorption field. The treated wastewater then percolates back down to the groundwater.

Ominous Signs for a Septic System

puddles in yardThe main line from the house to the drain is the most common reason for a septic systems repair. A service provider can typically clear it of obstructions using a drain snake or hydrojetting. By only flushing human waste and toilet paper down the drain and having the system inspected regularly, homeowners can avoid a clogged line.

Sewage may back up into the home when the drain field malfunctions or is overloaded with water. If this happens, it’s possible the system was run incorrectly, allowing too much solid debris to enter the storm drain field and triggering failure. Another sign of issues with the system is if the vegetation near the tank or drain field has puddles or is spongy and overgrown, and there might also be odors.

If there is a chance that the drain field will fail, connecting to the local sewer system should be considered; otherwise, a new drain field may have to be set up. Homeowners should call a professional to assess the situation if any signs are noticed.

Septic System Maintenance

professional maintenance A septic service expert should evaluate the typical household septic system at least once every three years. Alternative systems containing electrical float switches, pumps, or mechanical parts may require more frequent inspections. The technician should mention the tank condition and any completed repairs in the service report.

By using less water, homeowners may assist with septic tank maintenance. Every drop of water a homeowner sends via its plumbing ends up in their septic system. When a homeowner conserves more water, less water enters the septic system. Water conservation enhances septic system performance and lowers the risk of failure. Homeowners can also help by monitoring what goes down the toilet or any other household drain because everything that goes down the drain ends up in the septic system.

About Maxwell-White Plumbing

Founded in 1994, Maxwell-White Plumbing is a family-owned business serving its neighbors in West Salem, WI, and the surrounding areas. They provide straightforward pricing, 24-hour services, and the latest technology. Call them today for septic system services in West Salem, WI.